The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) is the largest regional international organization, with 57 participating States. In the regions of its activity the OSCE is the primary instrument for early warning and conflict prevention, post-conflict rehabilitation and crisis management.
With the OSCE, ensuring security is based on cooperation and a comprehensive approach to the problems it faces. The OSCE’s priorities are:
- Consolidating common values of participating States and building a democratic society based on the rule of law;
- Preventing local conflicts, stabilization and establishing peace in conflict areas;
- Tackling security threats and preventing the emergence of new political, economic and social differences. The OSCE's fundamental document is the Helsinki Final Act, which defines commitments in politico-military, economic and environmental, and human rights areas.
The main tasks of the Organization are: confidence- and security-building measures, early warning, preventive diplomacy, conflict prevention, post-conflict rehabilitation, protection of human rights, arms control, consolidation of civil society, democratization, institution building, election observation, establishing judicial systems, police training and combating terrorism, organized crime and trafficking in human beings.
The OSCE participating States are: Albania, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Holy See, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Mongolia, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, San Marino, Serbia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States of America and Uzbekistan.
The OSCE has established partner relationships with six Mediterranean countries - Mediterranean Partners for Co-operation (Algeria, Egypt, Israel, Jordan, Morocco and Tunisia) and five Asian countries - Asian Partners for Co-operation (Afghanistan, Australia, Japan, Republic of Korea and Thailand).